Jump to main content
Jump to site search
Access to RSC content Close the message box

Continue to access RSC content when you are not at your institution. Follow our step-by-step guide.


Issue 5, 2020
Previous Article Next Article

Tomato seed oil attenuates hyperlipidemia and modulates gut microbiota in C57BL/6J mice

Author affiliations

Abstract

In this study we aimed to investigate the role of tomato seed oil (TSO) in the alleviation of hyperlipidemia and the regulation of gut microbiota in C57BL/6J mice. Mice were divided into the following four diet-based groups: low-fat diet (LF, n = 8), high-fat diet (HF, n = 6), HF diet with TSO replacing one-third of lard (TL, n = 8), and HF diet with TSO replacing two-thirds of lard (TH, n = 8). The results showed that TH significantly reduced weight gain, relative adipose tissue weights, plasma cholesterol, triacylglycerol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), ratio of LDL-C to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), hepatic cholesterol, and total fatty acids, and markedly increased plasma HDL-C. TSO supplementation also dose-dependently increased fecal cholesterol excretion and reduced fecal total fatty acids. This was accompanied by upregulation of the gene expression of hepatic PPARα, ACADL, CYP7A1, LXRα, ABCA1, and SR-B1. Metagenomic analyses demonstrated that TSO tended to reduce the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio, significantly increased the relative abundance of the genus Lactobacillus, and reduced the relative abundance of the genera Rikenella, Enterorhabdus, unclassified_o_Clostridiales and Ruminococcaceae_UCG-009. These results proved that TSO was effective in attenuating hyperlipidemia in C57BL/6J mice by enhancing fatty acid β-oxidation, reducing cholesterol absorption, promoting cholesterol efflux, and favorably modulating the gut microbiota.

Graphical abstract: Tomato seed oil attenuates hyperlipidemia and modulates gut microbiota in C57BL/6J mice

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
15 Jan 2020
Accepted
12 Apr 2020
First published
13 Apr 2020

Food Funct., 2020,11, 4275-4290
Article type
Paper

Tomato seed oil attenuates hyperlipidemia and modulates gut microbiota in C57BL/6J mice

W. He, L. Li, J. Rui, J. Li, Y. Sun, D. Cui and B. Xu, Food Funct., 2020, 11, 4275
DOI: 10.1039/D0FO00133C

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements