The state of the field: from inception to commercialization of metal–organic frameworks
As chemists and materials scientists, it is our duty to synthesize and utilize materials for a multitude of applications that promote the development of society and the well-being of its citizens. Since the inception of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), researchers have proposed a variety of design strategies to rationally synthesize new MOF materials, studied their porosity and gas sorption performances, and integrated MOFs onto supports and into devices. Efforts have explored the relevance of MOFs for applications including, but not limited to, heterogeneous catalysis, guest delivery, water capture, destruction of nerve agents, gas storage, and separation. Recently, several start-up companies have undertaken MOF commercialization within industrial sectors. Herein, we provide a brief overview of the state of the MOF field from their design and synthesis to their potential applications, and finally, to their commercialization.