London dispersion forces without density distortion: a path to first principles inclusion in density functional theory
We analyse a path to construct density functionals for the dispersion interaction energy from an expression in terms of the ground state densities and exchange-correlation holes of the isolated fragments. The expression is based on a constrained search formalism for a supramolecular wavefunction that is forced to leave the diagonal of the many-body density matrix of each fragment unchanged, and is exact for the interaction between one-electron densities. We discuss several aspects: the needed features a density functional approximation for the exchange-correlation holes of the monomers should have, the optimal choice of the one-electron basis needed (named "dispersals"), and the functional derivative with respect to monomer density variations.
- This article is part of the themed collection: New horizons in density functional theory