Amine functionalised silicon nanocrystals with bright red and long-lived emission
When functionalised with amines, silicon nanocrystals (SiNCs) are known to have surface-state emission with loss of colour tunability, low quantum yield and short nanosecond lifetimes. These changes in optical properties are produced by direct amine bonding on the silicon surface. In this article, secondary amine functionalised SiNCs with bright, red (λmax = 750 nm) and long-lived emission (τ ca. 50 μs) are reported for the first time via a three-step synthetic approach. These SiNCs are colloidally stable in several polar solvents and can be further functionalised by reaction with carboxylic acid groups. We proved the feasibility of further functionalization with pyrene butyric acid: ca. 40 pyrene units per nanoparticle were attached via amide bond formation. The resulting hybrid system works as a light-harvesting antenna: excitation of pyrene units at 345 nm results in sensitised emission at 700 nm by the silicon core.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Luminescent silicon nanostructures