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NH4V4O10/rGO Composite as a high-performance electrode material for hybrid capacitive deionization

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Abstract

Capacitive deionization (CDI) has developed rapidly due to its advantages of low energy consumption and eco-friendliness. In recent years, many researchers have devoted their efforts to fabricating new electrode materials in order to achieve superior desalination efficiency and excellent long-term recycling stability. Herein, a new CDI cathode material — an NH4V4O10/rGO (NHVO/rGO) composite — was synthesized using a simple hydrothermal process. The as-prepared ammonium vanadium bronze NH4V4O10 (NHVO) displayed a large 2D layer spacing, of about 1.0 nm, and was hence tested as a potential Na+-intercalating material. The graphene present in the composite played a significant role in improving the electrical conductivity of NHVO, greatly promoting its desalting efficiency. During desalination tests, an NHVO/rGO-based CDI system delivered a NaCl removal capacity of 20.1 mg g−1 at an applied voltage of 1.2 V in a 500 mg L−1 NaCl solution; that is, the NHVO/rGO composite displayed a remarkable salt removal performance. Due to the excellent desalination performance of this system, the NH4V4O10/rGO composite is expected to become an appealing candidate for enhancing the performance of CDI electrodes.

Graphical abstract: NH4V4O10/rGO Composite as a high-performance electrode material for hybrid capacitive deionization

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Jun 2019, accepted on 04 Aug 2019 and first published on 23 Aug 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9EW00499H
Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2020, Advance Article

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    NH4V4O10/rGO Composite as a high-performance electrode material for hybrid capacitive deionization

    C. Li, S. Wang, G. Wang, S. Wang, X. Che, D. Li and J. Qiu, Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9EW00499H

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