Conjugated polymers for visible-light-driven photocatalysis
Conjugated polymers have recently been under active investigation as promising alternatives to traditional inorganic semiconductors for photocatalysis. This is due to their unique advantages of low cost, high chemical stability, and molecularly tunable optoelectronic properties. This critical review summarizes the recent advancements in π-conjugated polymers for visible-light-driven photocatalytic applications including water splitting, CO2 reduction, organic transformation and degradation of organic dyes. Special emphasis is placed on how the changes in the polymer structure could influence their physicochemical properties and photocatalytic activities. This structure–activity relationship analysis should guide rational molecular design of conjugated polymers for improved photocatalytic activity.