Transition metal chemistry of heavier group 14 congener triple-bonded complexes: syntheses and reactivity
The diversification and synthetic utility of carbyne complexes in organometallic chemistry and catalysis are well recognized, but the syntheses of related heavier group 14 alkylidyne complexes are a recent advancement. A wide range of metal–ylidyne ME (E = Si–Pb) complexes were synthesized and characterized spectroscopically. The synthetic methodology generally involves elimination or substitution chemistry between metallates and suitable group 14 precursors. The reluctance in forming triple bonded complexes makes this field quite fascinating and challenging. This article gives a brief overview of the pioneering reports followed by detailed information on the latest developments of complexes having a triple bond between a metal and heavier group 14 elements (Si, Ge, Sn, and Pb). Their synthesis and chemistry of the earlier reports followed by recent progress in this field will be discussed. Furthermore, their unique structures and bonding properties will be described based on spectroscopic and theoretical studies.