The synthesis and versatile reducing power of low-valent uranium complexes
This Perspective provides a detailed overview of the chemistry of low-valent (di- and trivalent) uranium. The reactivity of uranium(II) and uranium(III) complexes is discussed both to illustrate the general types of reactions that might be expected and to highlight the many unusual modes of reactivity observed with this element. A particular emphasis is given to redox reactions with uranium(III) species, including reduction of small molecules, multi-electron reductions involving redox-active ligands, and formation of uranium–ligand multiple bonds. In addition, redox-neutral adduct formation with uranium(III) complexes as well as the current state of the young field of uranium(II) redox chemistry are also covered. Synthetic protocols to prepare a wide range of low-valent compounds are presented.