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Palladium complexes with an annellated mesoionic carbene (MIC) ligand: catalytic sequential Sonogashira coupling/cyclization reaction for one-pot synthesis of benzofuran, indole, isocoumarin and isoquinolone derivatives

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Abstract

Two Pd(II) complexes (1 and 2) featuring a fused π-conjugated imidazo[1,2-a][1,8]naphthyridine-based mesoionic carbene ligand have been synthesized and structurally characterized. Both complexes effectively catalyze the one-pot synthesis of benzofuran starting from phenylacetylene and 2-iodophenol under mild conditions. Complex 1 is found to be an excellent catalyst for the straightforward access to a library of benzofuran, indole, isocoumarin and isoquinolone derivatives by the reaction of terminal alkynes with 2-iodo derivates of phenol, N-methyl aniline, benzoic acid and N-methyl benzamide, respectively. The general utility of the catalytic method is demonstrated using a variety of diversely substituted terminal alkynes and the corresponding desired products are obtained in good to excellent yields. On the basis of control experiments, a two-cycle mechanism is proposed which involves the Sonogashira coupling of 2-iodo derivatives with alkynes and the subsequent cyclization of the corresponding 2-alkynyl compounds.

Graphical abstract: Palladium complexes with an annellated mesoionic carbene (MIC) ligand: catalytic sequential Sonogashira coupling/cyclization reaction for one-pot synthesis of benzofuran, indole, isocoumarin and isoquinolone derivatives

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Article information


Submitted
19 Aug 2020
Accepted
06 Oct 2020
First published
06 Oct 2020

Dalton Trans., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

Palladium complexes with an annellated mesoionic carbene (MIC) ligand: catalytic sequential Sonogashira coupling/cyclization reaction for one-pot synthesis of benzofuran, indole, isocoumarin and isoquinolone derivatives

A. Tyagi, N. U. D. Reshi, P. Daw and J. K. Bera, Dalton Trans., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0DT02918A

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