An octadentate bis(semicarbazone) macrocycle: a potential chelator for lead and bismuth radiopharmaceuticals†
A variant of 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (cyclen) bearing two semicarbazone pendant groups has been prepared. The octadentate ligand forms complexes with Bi3+ and Pb2+. X-ray crystallography showed that the neutral ligand provides an eight-coordinate environment for both metal ions and intermolecular hydrogen bond interactions have influenced the coordination environments of both complexes in the solid state. NMR spectroscopy revealed a fluxional environment for both complexes. The ligand was radiolabeled with the α-emitting radioactive isotope 213Bi3+, which is used in systemic targeted radiotherapy. The resulting complex was stable in serum for at least 90 min (two decay half-lives). The Pb2+ complex has reasonably fast kinetics of formation (t1/2 = 20 min) at 25 °C and pH 7.4. The Bi3+ and Pb2+ complexes show kinetic stability in 1.2 M HCl (half-lives of 214 min and 47 min, respectively). This is the first description of a macrocycle bearing semicarbazone pendant groups and its utility in coordinating main group metals, specifically those with radiotherapeutic potential.