Three coordination polymers with regulated coordination interactions as fluorescent sensors for monitoring purine metabolite uric acid†
A facile optical sensor for uric acid (UA), an early pathological signature for the metabolic function of humans, was developed based on water-stable coordination polymers (CPs). Herein, three new isostructural fluorescent CPs, [Ln(TCPB)(DMF)3]n (Ln = La, CP 1; Ce, CP 2 and Pr, CP 3; H3TCPB = 1,3,5-tris(1-(2-carboxyphenyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)benzene), with various metal ions were solvothermally synthesized. Significantly, by regulating the metal–organic coordination interactions, the fabricated CP 3 can quantitatively recognize UA with higher sensitivity compared with CP 1 and CP 2. The mechanism for the sensing properties further demonstrates the best performance of CP 3 and the excellent selectivity for UA monitoring. This work represents the strategy of designing fluorescent CP sensors to determine UA and provides a convenient approach for developing analysis platforms for the assessment of related disease progress and human health monitoring.