The unique β-diketiminate ligand in aluminum(i) and gallium(i) chemistry
Over the past few decades, β-diketiminate ligands have been widely used in coordination chemistry and are capable of stabilizing various metal complexes in multiple oxidation states. Recently, the chemistry of aluminum and gallium in their +1 oxidation state has rapidly emerged. NacNacM(I) (M = Al, Ga; NacNac = β-diketiminate ligand) shows a two coordinate metal center comparable with singlet carbene-like species. The metal center also possesses a formally vacant p-orbital. In this article we present an overview of the last 10 years for aluminum(I) and gallium(I) stabilized by β-diketiminate ligands that have been widely explored in bond breaking and forming species.