Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 4, 2020
Previous Article Next Article

Photothermal catalytic properties of layered titanium chalcogenide nanomaterials

Author affiliations

Abstract

The search for novel photocatalysts that make use of almost the entire solar spectrum remains an ongoing task to achieve high efficiency in energy conversion. While titanium chalcogenides offer a variety of phase compositions with different photophysical properties, their photocatalytic performance in pollutant degradation has not been investigated to date. In contrast to the model photocatalyst titanium dioxide, titanium chalcogenides possess small band gaps which make them eligible to absorb light in the visible range up to the near-infrared region, thus making them interesting candidates for photocatalysis. Herein titanium chalcogenide-based photocatalysts are synthesized by the chemical vapor transport (CVT) method and studied for their photocatalytic activity towards pollutant degradation. A series of titanium chalcogenides TiXn (X = S, n = 1–3; X = Se, n = 2; X = Te, n = 1) have been characterized by a variety of physico-chemical methods. Due to the expected non-stoichiometry of some titanium sulfides, they offer a large number of defect states which make them interesting candidates for photocatalysis. Thus, these titanium-chalcogenides were systematically studied for the photocatalytic degradation of pollutants using methyl orange dye as the test pollutant under simulated sunlight. Particularly TiS and TiS3 show high photocatalytic and thermocatalytic activity, outperforming the activity of titanium dioxide (pure anatase). By controlling the ratios of titanium and chalcogen elements and the specific reaction conditions, a variety of titanium chalcogenides with different compositions and phases showing a high photocatalytic activity can be accessed. Furthermore, it is found that the formation of a titanium dioxide passivation layer during photocatalysis results in a titanium oxide/titanium sulfide heterostructure. This allows further enhancement of the photocatalytic and thermocatalytic activity compared to the bare Ti-chalcogenides.

Graphical abstract: Photothermal catalytic properties of layered titanium chalcogenide nanomaterials

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
25 Sep 2019
Accepted
02 Dec 2019
First published
18 Dec 2019

Dalton Trans., 2020,49, 1032-1047
Article type
Paper

Photothermal catalytic properties of layered titanium chalcogenide nanomaterials

S. Okeil, S. Yadav, M. Bruns, A. Zintler, L. Molina-Luna and J. J. Schneider, Dalton Trans., 2020, 49, 1032
DOI: 10.1039/C9DT03798E

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements