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Issue 4, 2020
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DFT study of trialkylborohydride-catalysed hydrosilylation of alkenes – the mechanism and its implications

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Abstract

Here we present the results of our DFT study of triethylborohydride-catalysed C[double bond, length as m-dash]C bond hydrosilylation reactions. On the basis of the investigation of the potential energy hypersurface at the M06-2X/6-31++G(d,p)//M06-2X/6-31+G(d) level of theory, we propose a detailed mechanism and energy profile for the reaction of styrene with phenylsilane and describe geometric and electronic structures of stationary points corresponding to each step. The model proposed is also applied to a number of other potential reagents, namely 1,1-diphenylethene, propene, dimethylphenylsilane, and trimethylsilane. The results of quantum-chemical computations not only provide a consistent explanation of the high regioselectivity of NaHBEt3-catalysed hydrosilylation, but are also in good agreement with the experimental yields depending on the substrates used, hence they not only further support the mechanism presented, but also make a computational toolkit for predicting reactivities.

Graphical abstract: DFT study of trialkylborohydride-catalysed hydrosilylation of alkenes – the mechanism and its implications

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Article information


Submitted
08 Nov 2019
Accepted
20 Dec 2019
First published
23 Dec 2019

Catal. Sci. Technol., 2020,10, 1066-1072
Article type
Paper

DFT study of trialkylborohydride-catalysed hydrosilylation of alkenes – the mechanism and its implications

M. Nowicki, M. Zaranek, P. Pawluć and M. Hoffmann, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2020, 10, 1066
DOI: 10.1039/C9CY02261A

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