Peptidomimetic toolbox for drug discovery
The art of transforming peptides into drug leads is still a dynamic and fertile field in medicinal chemistry and drug discovery. Peptidomimetics can respond to peptide limitations by displaying higher metabolic stability, good bioavailability and enhanced receptor affinity and selectivity. Various synthetic strategies have been developed over the years in order to modulate the conformational flexibility and the peptide character of peptidomimetic compounds. This tutorial review aims to outline useful tools towards peptidomimetic design, spanning from local modifications, global restrictions and the use of secondary structure mimetics. Selected successful examples of each approach are presented to document the relevance of peptidomimetics in drug discovery.