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Photophysics and photochemistry with Earth-abundant metals – fundamentals and concepts

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Abstract

Recent exciting developments in the area of mononuclear photoactive complexes with Earth-abundant metal ions (Cu, Zr, Fe, Cr) for potential eco-friendly applications in (phosphorescent) organic light emitting diodes, in imaging and sensing systems, in dye-sensitized solar cells and as photocatalysts are presented. Challenges, in particular the extension of excited state lifetimes, and recent conceptual breakthroughs in substituting precious and rare-Earth metal ions (e.g. Ru, Ir, Pt, Au, Eu) in these applications by abundant ions are outlined with selected examples. Relevant fundamentals of photophysics and photochemistry are discussed first, followed by conceptual and instructive case studies.

Graphical abstract: Photophysics and photochemistry with Earth-abundant metals – fundamentals and concepts

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Article information


Submitted
19 Dec 2019
First published
06 Feb 2020

Chem. Soc. Rev., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Tutorial Review

Photophysics and photochemistry with Earth-abundant metals – fundamentals and concepts

C. Förster and K. Heinze, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9CS00573K

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