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Issue 48, 2020

The structure and hydrogen-bond properties of N-alkyl-N-methyl-pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide and DMSO mixtures

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Abstract

Mixing ionic liquids (ILs) with molecular solvents can extend the practical applications of ILs and overcome the drawbacks of neat ILs. Knowledge on the structure and hydrogen-bond interaction properties of IL-molecular solvent mixtures is essential for chemical applications. In this work, the structure and hydrogen-bond features of N-alkyl-N-methyl-pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([CnMPyr][Tf2N], n = 3, 4, 6 and 8) and DMSO mixtures were studied using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Excess infrared absorption spectroscopy and two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS) were employed to extract structural information on the mixtures from the C–D systematic stretching vibrational (νs(C–D)) region of the methyl groups in DMSO-d6. It was found that the mixing process of [CnMPyr][Tf2N] and DMSO is non-ideal and interaction complexes form between [CnMPyr][Tf2N] and DMSO-d6. They are ion cluster-DMSO-d6 complexes and ion pair-DMSO-d6 complexes. In the mixing processes, the species present in pure DMSO gradually decrease from DMSO dimer to DMSO monomer with an increase in ILs. Besides, the ion cluster-DMSO complexes gradually increase, while the ion pair-DMSO complexes decrease due to the strong electrostatic interaction between the cation and anion. In the ion cluster-DMSO complexes and ion pair-DMSO complexes, the ring hydrogen atoms of the methylene group directly attached to the nitrogen atom are the preferred interaction sites of the [CnMPyr]+ cations. All the hydrogen bonds in the identified complexes are closed-shell, electrostatically dominant and weak.

Graphical abstract: The structure and hydrogen-bond properties of N-alkyl-N-methyl-pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide and DMSO mixtures

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
08 Jul 2020
Accepted
17 Nov 2020
First published
19 Nov 2020

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2020,22, 28021-28031
Article type
Paper

The structure and hydrogen-bond properties of N-alkyl-N-methyl-pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide and DMSO mixtures

Y. Zheng, H. Chen, Y. Zhou, D. Geng, H. He and L. Wu, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2020, 22, 28021 DOI: 10.1039/D0CP03640D

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