Tunable valley polarization, magnetic anisotropy and Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction in two-dimensional intrinsic ferromagnetic Janus 2H-VSeX (X = S, Te) monolayers†
Two-dimensional (2D) Janus materials are a novel kind of 2D materials, which have potential applications in nanoelectronics, optoelectronics and spintronics. However, a 2D Janus material combined with intrinsic ferromagnetism, electric dipole moment, valley polarization and Dzyaloshinskii–Moriya interaction (DMI) remains rarely reported. Here, the electronic structure and magnetic properties of 2D intrinsic ferromagnetic Janus 2H-VSeX (X = S, Te) monolayers are investigated systematically using the density-functional theory. Janus 2H-VSeX (X = S, Te) monolayers are intrinsic ferromagnetic semiconductors with in-plane magnetic anisotropy (IMA). The valley splitting of Janus 2H-VSeX (X = S, Te) monolayers appears by considering the spin–orbit coupling (SOC) effect and out of plane magnetization. Additionally, spontaneous vertical electric dipole moment and a large DMI are also found in Janus 2H-VSeX (X = S, Te) monolayers due to the broken inversion symmetry. Moreover, the valley splitting and DMI can be significantly increased by applying in-plane biaxial strain. These results provide an interesting 2D intrinsic ferromagnetic Janus material, which has potential applications in spintronic and valleytronic devices.