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Polymer-based actuators: back to the future

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Abstract

Polymer-based actuators play a key role in the area of smart materials and devices, and for this reason different polymer-based actuators have appeared in recent years and are implemented in a broad range of fields, including biomedical, optical or electronics, among others. Although it is possible to find more types, they are mainly classified into two main groups according to their different working principles: electromechanical – with electrical to mechanical energy conversion – and magnetomechanical – with magnetic to mechanical energy conversion. The present work provides a comprehensive and critical review of the recent studies in this field. The operating principles, some representative designs, performance analyses and practical applications will be presented. The future development perspectives of this interesting field will be also discussed. Thus, the present work provides a comprehensive understanding of the effects reported in the past, introduces solutions to the present limitations and, back to the future, serves as a useful guidance for the design of new polymer-based actuators aiming to improve their output performances.

Graphical abstract: Polymer-based actuators: back to the future

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Article information


Submitted
05 May 2020
Accepted
18 Jun 2020
First published
18 Jun 2020

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Perspective

Polymer-based actuators: back to the future

P. Martins, D. M. Correia, V. Correia and S. Lanceros-Mendez, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0CP02436H

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