Characterization of the simplest sulfenyl thiocyanate: isomers, spectroscopy and implications of astrophysical and biological relevance†
Sulfenyl thiocyanate compounds, RSSCN, are involved in the human immune system biochemical processes. They are also the routes for the synthesis of complex S-containing species such as polypeptides, or symmetrical (RSSR) and unsymmetrical disulfides (RSSR′). At present, we have characterized the stable forms of the simplest sulfenyl thiocyanate compound, HSSCN, at the coupled cluster level. We found twenty-three isomers, for which we determined a set of structural parameters, anharmonic frequencies and reaction energies for the formation of the corresponding diatomic + triatomic and atomic + tetratomic fragments. We also discussed the implications of the present findings for biological entities containing a disulfide bridge, where we identified three isomers that may serve as prototypes. Similarities and differences with other S/N hybrid bioactive molecules are also discussed. From an astrophysical point of view, we expect HSSCN isomers to be present in astrophysical media, since several of their molecular fragments have already been detected. In sum, the present set of data can be used for the identification of HSSCN compounds and understanding the physical chemistry of sulfur containing molecules in vivo, in the laboratory and in astrophysical media.