An Experimental and Computational Study on Material Dispersion of 1-Alkyl-3-Methylimidazolium Tetrafluoroborate Ionic Liquids
The material dispersion of the [Ckmim][BF4] (k = 2,3,4,6,7,8,10) family of ionic liquids is measured at several temperatures over a broad spectral range from 300 nm to 1550 nm. The experimental curves are fitted to a modified three-resonance Sellmeier model to understand the effect of temperature and alkyl chain length in the dispersion. From the parameters of the fitting, we analyze the influence that the different constituents of these ionic liquids have in the dispersion behaviour. In addition, a semi-empirical approach combining simulated electronic polarizabilities and experimental densities for predicting the material dispersion is successfully tested by direct comparison with the experimental results. The limitations of this method are analyzed in terms of the structure of the ionic liquids. The results of this work aim to increase our knowledge about how the structure of an ionic liquid influences its material dispersion. Understanding this influence is fundamental to produce ionic liquids with tailored optical properties.