Thermal Decomposition of Mixed Calcium Oxalate Hydrates - Kinetic Deconvolution of Complex Heterogeneous Processes
Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetry (TG) and in-situ XRD were used to study dehydration and consequent decomposition reactions of mixed calcium oxalate hydrates. As the complex dehydration kinetics exhibited certain trends with respect to the applied heating rate, the modified multivariate kinetic analysis approach (based on averaged curve-by-curve optimizations) was employed to obtain full kinetic description of the data. Šesták-Berggren equation was used to model the two consequent dehydration reactions. Good agreement was found between the kinetic parameters calculated from the DSC and TG data – approximate values of activation energies were 68 and 81 kJ·mol-1 for the trihydrate→monohydrate and monohydrate→anhydride transformations, respectively. Procedural methodology was developed to predict both, dehydration kinetics and hydrate content ratio. For the calcium oxalate decomposition the TG technique provided very precise single-step prediction with activation energy 180 kJ·mol-1. DSC on the other hand provided complex information on joint decomposition and carbon monoxide oxidation reactions – proposed reaction mechanism includes completion of two reaction paths composed from consequent chemical reactions. Mechanistic view of the complex reaction path is discussed in terms of diffusion barrier limiting the oxidation step.