Negative magnetization, complex magnetic ordering and applications of Cr-doped Co2TiO4†
Polycrystalline Co2Ti1−xCrxO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.2) inverse spinel ceramics have been synthesized via a sol–gel technique. The dc magnetization measurement in the field-cooled mode shows that negative magnetization could be observed until x reaches 0.2. The exchange constants are calculated using the ferrimagnetic Curie–Weiss fitting and the mean-field theory. This reveals that the strength of the inter sublattice magnetic interaction presents a non-monotonic trend with the increase in Cr content and reaches the minimum at x = 0.1, giving rise to the highest compensation temperature in the x = 0.1 sample. The applicability of the x = 0.1 sample is investigated in light of two prominent magnetic effects: (i) the stable magnetic switching effect indicates the potential applications in magnetic switching and data storage and (ii) the coexistence of normal and inverse magnetocaloric effects suggests a potential application in a constant temperature bath at 54 K.