High mobility in α-phosphorene isostructures with low deformation potential†
The exceptionally low deformation potential is proposed as the key determinant for the high carrier mobility in α-phosphorene. This is related to its unique corrugated two-dimensional structure. Herein, we present a systematic first-principles density functional theory study on ten α-phosphorene isostructures by calculating the three key parameters of the carrier mobility. An electron mobility in the armchair direction with a value comparable to α-phosphorene is found in α-PAs, α-PCH, and α-AsCH, due to the structure-caused low deformation potential. The highest carrier mobility is predicted in α-graphane because of a two-orders-of-magnitude smaller deformation potential than the other isostructures. The low deformation potential can be correlated to the separation of charge carriers from neighbouring unit cells. This study highlights a feasible route to generating high mobility materials through deformation potential engineering.