Photochemical reaction on graphene surfaces controlled by substrate-surface modification with polar self-assembled monolayers†
The unique thinness of two-dimensional materials enables control over chemical phenomena at their surfaces by means of various gating techniques. For example, gating methods based on field-effect-transistor configurations have been achieved. Here, we report a molecular gating approach that employs a local electric field generated by a polar self-assembled monolayer formed on a supporting substrate. By performing Raman scattering spectroscopy analyses with a proper data correction procedure, we found that molecular gating is effective for controlling solid phase photochemical reactions of graphene with benzoyl peroxide. Molecular gating offers a simple method to control chemical reactions on the surfaces of two-dimensional materials because it requires neither the fabrication of a transistor structure nor the application of an external voltage.