A new supramolecular heterosynthon [C–I⋯OC(carboxylate)] at work: engineering copper acetate cocrystals†
A carboxylate⋯iodine supramolecular heterosynthon can be reliably applied in cocrystal engineering, using metal carboxylates as building blocks. Analysis of the energy framework of the exemplary paddlewheel crystal [Cu(OAc)2MeOH]2 indicates a robust 1D chain and even 2D layer long-range synthon modules, which can be intactly transferred into cocrystals. However, this approach allows the identification of a “weak link” – i.e. layers where the C–H⋯OC hydrogen bonds between ([Cu(OAc)2(MeOH)]2)n polymeric chains will be subject to substitution by I⋯OC halogen bonds during interaction with halogen bond donor co-formers. In contrast to the O–H⋯OC/C–H⋯OC catemeric crystals of pure acetic acid, the crystal design exercise based on the I⋯OC(carboxyl) supramolecular synthon afforded a 1 : 1 cocrystal of 1,4-C6F4I2 and CH3COOH, where the discrete centrosymmetric dimers of acetic acid are stabilized by I⋯OC(carboxyl) halogen bonds.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Supramolecular & Polymorphism