Tunable red-to-green emission ratio and temperature sensing properties of NaLuF4:Ho3+/Yb3+ microcrystals by doping with Ce3+ ions
In this work, β-NaLuF4:20Yb3+/2Ho3+ samples with different concentrations of Ce3+ ions are obtained by a hydrothermal method. With introducing 12 mol% Ce3+ ions, the red–green intensity ratio increases 9.67 times compared with that of the undoped sample, realizing emission color adjustment from green to red. Such color tunable emission may be attributed to the cross-relaxation process between Ce3+ and Ho3+ ions. In addition, doping with Ce3+ ions results in the increase of absolute sensitivity from 0.0036 K−1 to 0.0437 K−1, which is an almost 12.14 times enhancement. This may be due to the Ce3+ ions influencing the energy transfer process and increasing the sensitivity to environmental temperature changes. Thus, the β-NaLuF4:20Yb3+/2Ho3+ microcrystals with Ce3+ ions have potential to be applied as temperature sensors.