Ketone transformation as a pathway to inherently chiral rigidified calixarenes†
The preparation of inherently chiral rigidified calixarenes with an intact cavity is a synthetic challenge due to the complicated synthesis of the starting compounds. Here, we report on a novel strategy for bridging the upper rim of calixarenes consisting in carbonyl group formation and subsequent “extension” into a two-atom bridge using corresponding rearrangement reactions (Baeyer–Villiger, Beckmann). The resulting inherently chiral compounds are potentially applicable in the design of novel receptors. The complexation properties towards selected quaternary ammonium salts were studied by 1H NMR titration. Unusual complexation stoichiometries can be observed depending on the enantiomeric purity (racemic mixture versus pure enantiomers) of an amidic receptor 7 used.