Synthesis of β- and γ-lactam fused dihydropyrazinones from Ugi adducts via a sequential ring construction strategy†
A modular approach for the construction of β- and γ-lactam fused dihydropyrazinones from the readily available Ugi adducts has been described. The sequential construction of rings through base-mediated cycloisomerization followed by acid-mediated cyclization yielded β-lactam fused dihydropyrazinones. However, the Ugi-derived dihydropyrazinones afforded γ-lactam fused dihydropyrazinones under base-mediated cycloisomerization. The regioselectivity in the cycloisomerization reactions is explained on the basis of ring-strain. Substrate scope, limitations and mechanistic investigations through DFT-calculations have been explored.