Salt-rich solid electrolyte interphase for safer high-energy-density Li metal batteries with limited Li excess†
We propose a carbonate-based electrolyte optimized with dual cations and ionic liquid for high-efficiency Li metal batteries with a high-voltage cathode. An average coulombic efficiency of Li deposition of 99.6% is achieved due to the salt-rich solid electrolyte interphase and Na guided uniform Li plating. The Li||NCM811 cells can be cycled with limited Li (N/P = 1) over 90 cycles. An additional advantage is that it improves the thermal stability of the NCM811 cathode.