Nickel-catalyzed carboxylation of aryl iodides with lithium formate through catalytic CO recycling†
A protocol for the Ni-catalyzed carboxylation of aryl iodides with formate has been developed with good functional group compatibility for the synthesis of a variety of aromatic carboxylic acids under mild conditions. The reaction tolerates other functionalities for cross-coupling, such as aryl bromide, aryl chloride, aryl tosylate, and aryl pinacol boronate. The reaction proceeds through a carbonylation process with in situ generated carbon monoxide in the presence of a catalytic amount of acetic anhydride and lithium formate, avoiding the use of gaseous CO. The strategy of CO recycling in catalytic amounts is critical for the success of the reaction.