Large negative linear compressibility of a porous molecular co-crystal†
Flexible and transformable molecules, particularly those responding to external stimuli, are needed for designing sensors and porous compounds capable of storing or separating gases and liquids. Under normal conditions the photochromic compound, 1,2-bis[2-methyl-5-(pyridyl)-3thienyl]cyclopentene (BTCP) forms a porous co-crystal with 1,4-diiodotetrafluorobenzene (dItFB). It traps acetone (Ac) molecules in the pores. Owing to a unique system of pores in the polar framework, the crystal is sensitive to the humidity in the air and to the chosen liquid environment. When compressed in non-penetrating media, the crystal displays a strong negative linear compressibility (NLC) along .