Acid mediated coupling of aliphatic amines and nitrosoarenes to indoles†
Traditionally, amines react with nitrosoarenes to provide the corresponding imines or azo compounds. Herein, we report an acid mediated annulation reaction of aliphatic amines and nitrosoarenes to provide indole derivatives. The elusive direct annulation of aliphatic amines and nitrosoarenes via simultaneous C–C and C–N bond formation was achieved under metal free conditions. This conceptually novel method for indole synthesis does not require pre-functionalization steps for the new C–C and C–N bond formation. The method has been applied for an elegant synthesis of nor-neocryptolepine and neocryptolepine.