Reversible detection of phosphorylation and dephosphorylation by tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using a cyclopentadienyl ruthenium nanotag functionalized tip†
The detection of cancer invasion is crucial for diagnosis. In this report, we employed a TERS tip and SERS nanotags to create a cell signaling based nano-sensing system. This system is capable of creating a reversible phosphorylation/de-phosphorylation cycle for TERS measurement. The reversible TERS sensing is then paired with a downstream binding domain, Src homology region 2 (SH2), which is associated with the cell signaling for cancer cell invasion. Such a system offers the advantages of convenient detection of nanotags and high sensitivity as validated in a cell model.