Amino-containing tannic acid derivative-mediated universal coatings for multifunctional surface modification†
The development of a universal coating strategy for the construction of functional surfaces and modulation of surface properties is of great research interest. Tannic acid (TA) could serve as a sole precursor for the deposition of colorless coatings on substrate surfaces. However, the deposition of TA requires a high salt concentration (0.6 M), which may limit its practical application. Herein, primary amine moieties were introduced on the gallic acid groups in TA. The resultant amine-containing TA derivative (TAA) can self-polymerize under mild conditions (10 mM, Tris buffer), and form uniform and colorless coatings in a material-independent manner. In comparison with the TA coating under the same preparation conditions, the TAA coating exhibits an increased thickness as measured by ellipsometry. The TAA coating is adapted for secondary surface functionalization. The hydrophilic mPEG brushes can be grafted on the TAA coating to inhibit non-specific protein adsorption. A biotin probe can be immobilized on the TAA coating to promote specific binding with avidin. In addition, the TAA coating can be utilized for in situ reduction of silver ions to AgNPs. The resulting AgNP-loaded TAA coating can inhibit bacterial adhesion and prevent biofilm formation.