Peptide polymer displaying potent activity against clinically isolated multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in vitro and in vivo†
Multidrug resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa has caused serious nosocomial infections owing to its high intrinsic resistance and ease of acquiring resistance to common antibiotics. There is an urgent need to develop antimicrobial agents against MDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Here we report a 27-mer peptide polymer 90 : 10 DLL : BLG, as a synthetic mimic of a host defense peptide, that displayed potent in vitro and in vivo activities against multiple strains of clinically isolated MDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa, performing even better than antibiotics within our study. This peptide polymer also showed negligible hemolysis and low cytotoxicity, as well as quick bacterial killing efficacy. The structural diversity of peptide polymers, their easy synthesis from lithium hexamethyldisilazide-initiated fast N-carboxyanhydride polymerization, and the excellent reproducibility of their chemical structure and biological profiles altogether suggested great potential for antimicrobial applications of peptide polymers as synthetic mimics of host defense peptides.