Jump to main content
Jump to site search


An innovative highly sensitive electrochemical sensor based on modified electrode with carbon quantum dots and multiwall carbon nanotubes for determination of methadone hydrochloride in real samples

Author affiliations

Abstract

In the present work, to enhance the properties of a pencil graphite electrode (PGE), highly functionalized carbon quantum dots (CQDs) were synthesized and mixed with multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as novel modifiers for the preparation of working electrodes. These modifiers exhibited unique characteristics owing to the fascinating and well-defined properties of the CQD-MWCNT nanocomposite, including high surface to volume ratio, high conductivity, high stability and excellent electrocatalytic activity. Consequently, a modified pencil graphite electrode based on poly (diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA)/MWCNT/CQD was used to monitor the oxidation signals of methadone hydrochloride. Notably, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) was used to characterize the morphology and features of the different modifiers on the electrode surface. The proposed sensor was characterized via electrochemical studies including differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Under the optimum experimental conditions, the current response and concentration of methadone exhibited a linear relationship in the range of 0.1–225 μM with a detection limit of 0.03 μM. Furthermore, this sensor was successfully applied to determine methadone in human urine and plasma samples.

Graphical abstract: An innovative highly sensitive electrochemical sensor based on modified electrode with carbon quantum dots and multiwall carbon nanotubes for determination of methadone hydrochloride in real samples

Back to tab navigation

Article information


Submitted
16 Jul 2020
Accepted
30 Sep 2020
First published
30 Sep 2020

Anal. Methods, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

An innovative highly sensitive electrochemical sensor based on modified electrode with carbon quantum dots and multiwall carbon nanotubes for determination of methadone hydrochloride in real samples

B. Rezaei, A. Tajaddodi and Ali. A. Ensafi, Anal. Methods, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0AY01374A

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements