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Comparative effects of surfactants on the behavior of an anticancer drug potentiometric sensor

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Abstract

Surfactants may incorporate drug molecules in a micelle, allowing a great enhancement of a 5-fluorouracil electrode. The performance characteristics of electrodes comprising selected surfactants were investigated as well as the effect of their concentrations. These surfactants were benzalkonium chloride as a cationic surfactant, sodium dodecylsulfate as an anionic surfactant and Tween 20 and Tween 80 as non-ionic surfactants. In solutions of 5-fluorouracil in benzalkonium chloride the sensor showed the best response with a Nernstian slope of 29.5 mV per decade, a wide concentration range from 5.4 × 10−6 to 1.0 × 10−2 M, a notably low detection limit of 4.4 × 10−6 M and a significantly short response time (5 s). The electrode response is independent of the pH of the test solution in the range 3.2–9.5. Selectivity toward the drug ion was calculated for different inorganic cations, amino acids and pharmaceutical amines. Direct potentiometry and potentiometric titration were applied for the determination of 5-fluorouracil in its pure form and as an ampoule formulation and in urine.

Graphical abstract: Comparative effects of surfactants on the behavior of an anticancer drug potentiometric sensor

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Article information


Submitted
17 Oct 2019
Accepted
02 Jan 2020
First published
03 Jan 2020

Anal. Methods, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

Comparative effects of surfactants on the behavior of an anticancer drug potentiometric sensor

N. A. Ghalwa, K. I. Abed Almonem, I. D. Al-Kashef, S. M. Saadeh and H. M. Abu Shawish, Anal. Methods, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9AY02252J

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