A practical pH-compatible fluorescent sensor for hydrazine in soil, water and living cells†
The excellent water solubility of hydrazine (N2H4) allows it to easily invade the human body through the skin and respiratory tract, thereby damaging human organs and the central nervous system. To realize the monitoring of N2H4 effectively, first, coumarin was used to construct an inner alicyclic ring as the reaction site, extending the conjugation and strengthening the rigidity of the probe Co-Hy to improve its luminescence performance and enhance its ability to resist acids and alkalis. Second, we introduced a carboxyl group at the ortho position of the inner alicyclic ring to improve the water solubility of Co-Hy, and its strong electron pulling effect increased the activity of the reaction site. Spectroscopy experiments showed that Co-Hy featured excellent water solubility, high pH resistance (pH 4–11), excellent selectivity, fast analysis speed (within 5 minutes), and a low detection limit toward N2H4 (69 nM, 2.2 ppb). In addition, test-strip, spray, and cell-imaging experiments confirmed the outstanding application potential of Co-Hy for convenient N2H4 analysis in a variety of environments.