Nanomaterial-enhanced chemiluminescence reactions and their applications
Chemiluminescence (CL) analysis is a trace analytical method that possesses advantages including high sensitivity, wide linear range, easy operation, and simple instruments. With the development of nanotechnology, many nanomaterial (NM)-enhanced CL systems have been established in recent years and applied for the CL detection of metal ions, anions, small molecules, tumor markers, sequence-specific DNA, and RNA. This review summarizes the research progress of the nanomaterial-enhanced CL systems the past five years. These CL reactions include luminol, peroxyoxalate, lucigenin, ultraweak CL reactions, and so on. The CL mechanisms of the nanomaterial-enhanced CL systems are discussed in the first section. Nanomaterials take part in the CL reactions as the catalyst, CL emitter, energy acceptor, and reductant. Their applications are summarized in the second section. Finally, the challenges and opportunities are discussed.