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Triggered peroxidase-like activity of Au decorated carbon dots for colorimetric monitoring of Hg2+ enrichment in Chlorella vulgaris

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Abstract

Developing a rapid, low-cost, and multimode detection method for heavy metal ions remains a compelling goal for many applications, including food safety, environmental and biological analysis. This study investigated the influence of Hg2+ on the peroxidase-like activity of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) decorated on carbon dots (CDs) from lysine (denoted as GNP@CDs). A new type of Hg2+-triggered peroxidase-like activity of GNP@CDs was discovered, which could catalyze the oxidation of the colorless 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) into blue TMB. Based on the regulation of the catalytically triggered activity, a sensitive colorimetric method for the detection of Hg2+ was developed, with a linear range of 7–150 nM, providing a limit of detection as low as 3.7 nM. The sensor is simple and rapid, and was successfully applied to the detection of Hg2+ enrichment in chlorella, suggesting a promising application in biological analysis.

Graphical abstract: Triggered peroxidase-like activity of Au decorated carbon dots for colorimetric monitoring of Hg2+ enrichment in Chlorella vulgaris

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
08 May 2020
Accepted
11 Jun 2020
First published
12 Jun 2020

Analyst, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

Triggered peroxidase-like activity of Au decorated carbon dots for colorimetric monitoring of Hg2+ enrichment in Chlorella vulgaris

W. Liu, L. Tian, J. Du, J. Wu, Y. Liu, G. Wu and X. Lu, Analyst, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/D0AN00930J

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