A highly sensitive and adjustable colorimetric assay of hydrogen sulfide by signal amplification based on G-quadruplex-Cu2+ peroxidase mimetics†
This work reports the first example of a colorimetric H2S sensor constructed through G-quadruplex-Cu2+ (G4-Cu2+) peroxidase mimetics employing Cu2+ ions and G-rich DNA with signal amplification. In the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-mediated oxidation of 3,3′,5,5′-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), the catalytic capacity of Cu2+ can be greatly improved in the presence of 22AG DNA, where 22AG DNA acts as a signal amplifier. However, G4-Cu2+ peroxidase mimetics lose their catalytic abilities after reacting with H2S. This is employed to develop a colorimetric assay of H2S without complex synthesis and instrumentation, with a linear range from 0.01 μM to 150 μM and a detection limit of 7.5 nM. The sensitivity of the sensor can also be adjusted by changing the concentration of Cu2+. Moreover, the developed sensor is successfully applied for the quantitative determination of H2S in human serum samples.