A method for the statistical evaluation of the fluorescence intensity of single blinking quantum dots using a confocal fluorescence microscope†
The evaluation of the fluorescence intensity of single quantum dots (QDs) using a confocal fluorescence microscope can provide an alternative approach for estimating the effects of environmental changes or surface modifications on the fluorescence intensity of single QDs. In the case of blinking QDs, irregular blinking would significantly influence the intensity evaluation results that are based on the analysis of one or a few single QDs. In this regard, statistical intensity evaluations based on a large number of single QDs would be helpful to estimate an approximate intensity value of single QDs with reduced effects of blinking on the evaluation results. Herein, we developed a convenient method to statistically evaluate the fluorescence intensity of a large number of single blinking QDs using Gaussian distribution. Based on the intensity analysis of thousands of single QDs, the fluorescence intensity of the single QDs evaluated using a confocal fluorescence microscope was approximately 4090 with little data fluctuation induced by blinking.