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The Fingerprint of Essential Bio-Oils by Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry

Abstract

Six essential oils were analyzed by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry coupled to negative electrospray ionization (ESI(-)/FT-ICR MS). ESI offers selective ionization of compounds polar functional groups containing nitrogen and oxygen heteroatoms. ESI in negative-ion mode allows the identification of the acidic compounds. The results showed that the samples contain between 1,100 – 3,600 individual molecular compositions, which corresponds to the greatest number of species detected to date in essential oils obtained from aromatic plant material. The compositions cover a mass range between m/z 150 - 500 with up to 41 carbon atoms. The dominant organic constituents of the essential oils correspond to species incorporating 2 - 5 oxygen atoms, detected as deprotonated/sodiated/chlorinated species. A set of 580 molecular assignments were found in common across all the samples, and for the first time, a set of unique molecular systems were identified, and up to 1,373 species as a unique composition for each essential oil. The molecular distributions plotted in van Krevelen diagrams (classified by their H/C vs. O/C values) suggest the presence of species with long alkyl chains and low numbers of rings plus double bonds.

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
10 Dec 2019
Accepted
25 Mar 2020
First published
26 Mar 2020

Analyst, 2020, Accepted Manuscript
Article type
Paper

The Fingerprint of Essential Bio-Oils by Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry

C. X. X. Ramírez Novoa, D. C. C. Palacio Lozano, H. E. Jones, R. Cabanzo Hernández, M. Barrow and E. Mejía, Analyst, 2020, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C9AN02492A

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