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Rapid and accurate identification of marine microbes with single-cell Raman spectroscopy

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Abstract

Rapid and accurate identification of individual microorganisms, such as pathogenic or unculturable microbes, is significant in microbiology. In this work, rapid identification of marine microorganisms by single-cell Raman spectroscopy (scRS) using one-dimensional convolutional neural networks (1DCNN) was explored. Here, single-cell Raman spectra of ten species of marine actinomycetes, two species of non-marine actinomycetes and E. coli (as a reference) were individually collected. Several common classification algorithms in chemometrics, including linear discriminant analysis with principal component analysis and a support vector machine, were applied to evaluate the 1DCNN performance based on the raw and pre-processed Raman spectra. 1DCNN showed superior performance on the raw data in terms of its accuracy and recall rate compared with other classification algorithms. Our investigation demonstrated that the scRS-integrating advanced 1DCNN classification algorithm provided a rapid and accurate approach for identifying individual microorganisms without time-consuming cell culture and sophisticated or specific techniques, which could be a useful methodology for discriminating the microbes that cannot be cultured under normal conditions, especially for ‘biological risk’-related emergencies.

Graphical abstract: Rapid and accurate identification of marine microbes with single-cell Raman spectroscopy

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Article information


Submitted
16 Oct 2019
Accepted
22 Feb 2020
First published
24 Feb 2020

Analyst, 2020, Advance Article
Article type
Paper

Rapid and accurate identification of marine microbes with single-cell Raman spectroscopy

Y. Liu, J. Xu, Y. Tao, T. Fang, W. Du and A. Ye, Analyst, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9AN02069A

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