Facile one-step targeted immobilization of an enzyme based on silane emulsion self-assembled molecularly imprinted polymers for visual sensors†
Immobilized enzymes play significant roles in many practical applications. However, the enzymes need to be purified before immobilization by conventional immobilizing methods, and the purification process is expensive, laborious, complicated and results in a decrease of the enzymatic activity. So, we present a novel method by a facile one-step targeted immobilization of an enzyme without a purification process from complex samples. For this purpose, a novel molecularly imprinted polymer was prepared via a silane emulsion self-assembly method using boric acid-modified Fe3O4 nanoparticles as magnetic nuclei, horseradish peroxidase as a template, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane as a functional monomer and tetraethyl orthosilicate as a crosslinking agent. The molecularly imprinted polymers were characterized using a scanning electron microscope, X-ray photoelectron spectroscope, vibrating sample magnetometer and X-ray diffractometer. The as-prepared and characterized materials were employed to immobilize horseradish peroxidase from a crude extract of horseradish. Moreover, the immobilized horseradish peroxidase was employed to develop visual sensors for the detection of glucose and sarcosine. This study demonstrated that the molecularly imprinted polymers prepared via the silane emulsion self-assembly method can facilely immobilize horseradish peroxidase from a crude extract of horseradish without any purification process. The developed visual method based on the immobilized horseradish peroxidase shows great potential applications for the visual detection of glucose and sarcosine.