Vibrational spectroscopy as a powerful tool for follow-up immunoadsorption therapy treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy – a case report†
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a leading cardiomyopathy condition and is the leading reason for heart transplantation. Due to high etiologic and genetic heterogeneity of the pathologies, different therapeutic treatment strategies are available and have been successful for different treatments. Immunoadsorption (IA) therapy removes the circulating anticardiac antibodies and improves the left ventricular function in substantial proportion of DCM patients. Powerful, non-invasive analytical tools are highly desired to investigate the efficiency and success of IA therapy. In this contribution, we followed the changes of a female DCM patient undergoing IA therapy at different treatment time points in a label-free, non-invasive manner from blood samples (plasma and serum) on the basis of vibrational spectroscopy (Raman scattering and IR absorption). Chemometric methods, including dimension reduction and statistical modeling, were used to interpret spectral data. The impact of different time points of the IA treatment can be identified in both the plasma and serum, using both techniques, with high accuracy. The removal of antibodies of immunoglobulin G (IgG) group during IA therapy and their restoration was reflected in both Raman and FTIR spectra. Relative changes in the spectral bands assigned to IgG agreed well with the immunoturbidimetry measurement of total IgG. Successful clinical treatment was accompanied by spectral differences between vibrational spectra obtained at initial disease state and 11 months after the IA treatment. The long-term follow-up of the patient reveals the stabilization of the health state after therapy. It is noteworthy that the treatment time points were distinguished with a better accuracy using spectra from plasma compared to those from serum samples, which might indicate the involvement of corresponding proteins in the coagulation. Vibrational spectroscopy is a powerful tool for personalized medicine to follow-up the treatment success of IA therapy for the DCM disorder.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Bioanalytical tools for enabling precision medicine