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Issue 2, 2020
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Analysis of ether glycerophosphocholines at the level of C[double bond, length as m-dash]C locations from human plasma

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Abstract

Plasmanyl and plasmenyl glycerophosphocholine are ether lipids featuring the 1-O-alkyl or 1-O-alk-1′-enyl ether linkage at the sn-1 position of the glycerol backbone, respectively. Aberrant levels of ether glycerophosphocholines (ether PCs) have been correlated with cellular dysfunctions and various human diseases. Profiling ether PCs with accurate structural information is challenging because of the common presence of isomeric and isobaric species in a lipidome. The Paternò–Büchi (PB) reaction, a double bond (C[double bond, length as m-dash]C) specific derivatization method, is capable of pinpointing C[double bond, length as m-dash]C locations in unsaturated lipids, when coupled with subsequent tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). In this study, we have tailored the acetone PB reaction for the analysis of ether PCs. PB-MS/MS via low energy collision-induced dissociation (CID) provides diagnostic ions specific to the alkenyl ether C[double bond, length as m-dash]C bond, which are different from those derived from the isolated C[double bond, length as m-dash]C bond in the alkyl or acyl chain, thereby facilitating the distinction of isomeric plasmenyl from plasmanyl PCs. PB-MS/MS coupled with high resolution MS and multi-stage MS/MS further enable confident identification of isomeric ether PCs and isobaric diacyl PCs from mixtures. A total of 45 ether PCs in human plasma have been identified for ether linkage type and chain composition, while 28 ether PCs have structures being fully characterized down to C[double bond, length as m-dash]C locations.

Graphical abstract: Analysis of ether glycerophosphocholines at the level of C [[double bond, length as m-dash]] C locations from human plasma

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Article information


Submitted
08 Aug 2019
Accepted
31 Oct 2019
First published
01 Nov 2019

Analyst, 2020,145, 513-522
Article type
Paper

Analysis of ether glycerophosphocholines at the level of C[double bond, length as m-dash]C locations from human plasma

Q. Lin, D. Zhang and Y. Xia, Analyst, 2020, 145, 513
DOI: 10.1039/C9AN01515A

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