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Issue 1, 2020
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Probing catalytic surfaces by correlative scanning photoemission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography

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Abstract

The chemical composition and the electronic state of the surface of alloys or mixed oxides with enhanced electrocatalytic properties are usually heterogeneous at the nanoscale. The non-uniform distribution of the potential across their surface affects both activity and stability. Studying such heterogeneities at the relevant length scale is crucial for understanding the relationships between structure and catalytic behaviour. Here, we demonstrate an experimental approach combining scanning photoemission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography performed at identical locations to characterise the surface's structure and oxidation states, and the chemical composition of the surface and sub-surface regions. Showcased on an Ir–Ru thermally grown oxide, an efficient catalyst for the anodic oxygen evolution reaction, the complementary techniques yield consistent results in terms of the determined surface oxidation states and local oxide stoichiometry. Significant chemical heterogeneities in the sputter-deposited Ir–Ru alloy thin films govern the oxide's chemistry, observed after thermal oxidation both laterally and vertically. While the oxide grains have a composition of Ir0.94Ru0.06O2, the composition in the grain boundary region varies from Ir0.70Ru0.30O2 to Ir0.40Ru0.60O2 and eventually to Ir0.75Ru0.25O2 from the top surface into the depth. The influence of such compositional non-uniformities on the catalytic performance of the material is discussed, along with possible engineering levers for the synthesis of more stable and reactive mixed oxides. The proposed method provides a framework for investigating materials of interest in the field of electrocatalysis and beyond.

Graphical abstract: Probing catalytic surfaces by correlative scanning photoemission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
30 Sep 2019
Accepted
25 Nov 2019
First published
02 Dec 2019

This article is Open Access

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2020,8, 388-400
Article type
Paper

Probing catalytic surfaces by correlative scanning photoemission electron microscopy and atom probe tomography

K. Schweinar, R. L. Nicholls, C. R. Rajamathi, P. Zeller, M. Amati, L. Gregoratti, D. Raabe, M. Greiner, B. Gault and O. Kasian, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2020, 8, 388
DOI: 10.1039/C9TA10818A

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