Visible-light triggered templated ligation on surface using furan-modified PNAs†
Oligonucleotide-templated reactions are frequently exploited for target detection in biosensors and for the construction of DNA-based materials and probes in nanotechnology. However, the translation of the specifically used template chemistry from solution to surfaces, with the final aim of achieving highly selective high-throughput systems, has been difficult to reach and therefore, poorly explored. Here, we show the first example of a visible light-triggered templated ligation on a surface, employing furan-modified peptide nucleic acids (PNAs). Tailored photo-oxidation of the pro-reactive furan moiety is ensured by the simultaneous introduction of a weak photosensitizer as well as a nucleophilic moiety in the reacting PNA strand. This allows one to ensure a localized production of singlet oxygen for furan activation, which is not affected by probe dilution or reducing conditions. Simple white light irradiation in combination with target-induced proximity between reactive functionalities upon recognition of a short 22mer DNA or RNA sequence that functions as a template, allows sensitive detection of nucleic acid targets in a 96 well plate format.